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Malawi Geography

    Location: Southern Africa, east of Zambia

    Geographic coordinates: 13 30 S, 34 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 118,480 sq km
    land: 94,080 sq km
    water: 24,400 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,881 km
    border countries: Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)

    Terrain: narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m
    highest point: Sapitwa 3,002 m

    Natural resources: limestone, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite

    Land use:
    arable land: 18%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 20%
    forests and woodland: 39%
    other: 23% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 280 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)