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Malaysia Geography

    Location: Southeastern Asia, peninsula and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam

    Geographic coordinates: 2 30 N, 112 30 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: 329,750 sq km
    land: 328,550 sq km
    water: 1,200 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,669 km
    border countries: Brunei 381 km, Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km

    Coastline: 4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons

    Terrain: coastal plains rising to hills and mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m

    Natural resources: tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: 12%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 68%
    other: 17% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 2,941 sq km (1998 est.)

    Natural hazards: flooding, landslides

    Environment—current issues: air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)