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Martinique (overseas department of France) Geography

    Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago

    Geographic coordinates: 14 40 N, 61 00 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total: 1,100 sq km
    land: 1,060 sq km
    water: 40 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 350 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid

    Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m

    Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

    Land use:
    arable land: 8%
    permanent crops: 8%
    permanent pastures: 17%
    forests and woodland: 44%
    other: 23% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 40 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)