Open menu Close menu Open Search Close search Open sharebox Close sharebox
Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries; Home; Page; Country Index

Mauritania Geography 1999

    Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara

    Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 12 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    total: 1,030,700 sq km
    land: 1,030,400 sq km
    water: 300 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,074 km
    border countries: Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km

    Coastline: 754 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty

    Terrain: mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Sebkha de Ndrhamcha -3 m
    highest point: Kediet Ijill 910 m

    Natural resources: iron ore, gypsum, fish, copper, phosphate

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 38%
    forests and woodland: 4%
    other: 58% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 490 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Senegal which is the only perennial river

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: most of the population concentrated in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River in the southern part of the country

Support Our Sponsor

Support Our Sponsor

Please put this page in your BOOKMARKS - - - - -

Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)