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Micronesia, Federated States of Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
    conventional short form: none
    former: Kosrae, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
    abbreviation: FSM

    Data code: FM

    Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

    Capital: Palikir

    Administrative divisions: 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap

    Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

    National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia, 10 May (1979)

    Constitution: 10 May 1979

    Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Jacob NENA (acting president since NA July 1996, president since 9 May 1997); Vice President Leo A. FALCAM (since 9 May 1997); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government; Vice President Jacob NENA became acting president in July 1996 after President Bailey OLTER suffered a stroke; OLTER was declared incapacitated in November 1996; as provided for by the constitution, 180 days later, with OLTER still unable to resume his duties, NENA was sworn in as the new president; he will serve for the remaining two years of OLTER's term
    head of government: President Jacob NENA (acting president since NA July 1996, president since 9 May 1997); Vice President Leo A. FALCAM (since 9 May 1997); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government; Vice President Jacob NENA became acting president in July 1996 after President Bailey OLTER suffered a stroke; OLTER was declared incapacitated in November 1996; as provided for by the constitution, 180 days later, with OLTER still unable to resume his duties, NENA was sworn in as the new president; he will serve for the remaining two years of OLTER's term
    cabinet: Cabinet
    elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large for four-year terms; election last held 11 May 1995 (next to be held NA May 1999); note—because of the vacancy to the post of vice president created after NENA left to become acting president, a new election to fill the position of vice president for the remaining two years of the term was held on 9 May 1997 (next to be held NA May 1999)
    election results: Bailey OLTER reelected president; percent of Congress vote—NA; Leo A. FALCAM elected vice president; percent of Congress vote—NA

    Legislative branch: unicameral Congress (14 seats; members elected by popular vote; four—one elected from each of state—to serve four-year terms and 10—elected from single-member districts delineated by population—to serve two-year terms)
    elections: elections for four-year term seats last held 7 March 1995 (next to be held 2 March 1999); elections for two-year term seats last held 3 March 1997 (next to be held NA March 1999)
    election results: percent of vote—NA; seats—independents 14

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court

    Political parties and leaders: no formal parties

    International organization participation: AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, Intelsat, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, WHO, WMO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU
    chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
    FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
    consulate(s) general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Ann WRIGHT
    embassy: address NA, Kolonia
    mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96941
    telephone: [691] 320-2187
    FAX: [691] 320-2186

    Flag description: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)