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Monaco Geography

    Location: Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy

    Geographic coordinates: 43 44 N, 7 24 E

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 1.95 sq km
    land: 1.95 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4.4 km
    border countries: France 4.4 km

    Coastline: 4.1 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

    Terrain: hilly, rugged, rocky

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Mont Agel 140 m

    Natural resources: none

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 100% (urban area)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: second smallest independent state in world (after Holy See); almost entirely urban

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)