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Monaco Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Principality of Monaco
    conventional short form: Monaco
    local long form: Principaute de Monaco
    local short form: Monaco

    Data code: MN

    Government type: constitutional monarchy

    Capital: Monaco

    Administrative divisions: none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are four quarters (quartiers, singular—quartier); Fontvieille, La Condamine, Monaco-Ville, Monte-Carlo

    Independence: 1419 (beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi)

    National holiday: National Day, 19 November

    Constitution: 17 December 1962

    Legal system: based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Prince RAINIER III (since 9 May 1949); Heir Apparent Prince ALBERT Alexandre Louis Pierre, son of the monarch (born 14 March 1958)
    head of government: Minister of State Michel LEVEQUE (since 3 February 1997)
    cabinet: Council of Government is under the authority of the monarch
    elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; minister of state appointed by the monarch from a list of three French national candidates presented by the French

    Legislative branch: unicameral National Council or Conseil National (18 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 1 and 8 February 1998 (next to be held NA January 2003)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—National and Democratic Union 18

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Tribunal Supreme, judges named by the monarch on the basis of nominations by the National Council

    Political parties and leaders: National and Democratic Union or UND [Jean-Louis CAMPORA]

    International organization participation: ACCT, ECE, IAEA, ICAO, ICRM, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    Diplomatic representation in the US: Monaco does not have an embassy in the US
    consulate(s): New York

    Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Monaco; the US Consul General in Marseille (France) is accredited to Monaco

    Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Indonesia which is longer and the flag of Poland which is white (top) and red

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)