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Navassa Island (territory of the US) Geography

    Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, about one-fourth of the way from Haiti to Jamaica

    Geographic coordinates: 18 25 N, 75 02 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total: 5.2 sq km
    land: 5.2 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: about nine times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 8 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: marine, tropical

    Terrain: raised coral and limestone plateau, flat to undulating; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 meters high)

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location on southwest side 77 m

    Natural resources: guano

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 10%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 90%

    Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock, but enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig-like trees, scattered cactus

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)