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Nepal Geography

    Location: Southern Asia, between China and India

    Geographic coordinates: 28 00 N, 84 00 E

    Map references: Asia

    Area:
    total: 140,800 sq km
    land: 136,800 sq km
    water: 4,000 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Arkansas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,926 km
    border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south

    Terrain: Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
    highest point: Mount Everest 8,848 m

    Natural resources: quartz, water, timber, hydropower potential, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

    Land use:
    arable land: 17%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 15%
    forests and woodland: 42%
    other: 26% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 8,500 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons

    Environment—current issues: the almost total dependence on wood for fuel and cutting down trees to expand agricultural land without replanting has resulted in widespread deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution (use of contaminated water presents human health risks)

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

    Geography—note: landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)