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New Caledonia (overseas territory of France) Geography

    Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

    Geographic coordinates: 21 30 S, 165 30 E

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 19,060 sq km
    land: 18,575 sq km
    water: 485 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 2,254 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

    Terrain: coastal plains with interior mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m

    Natural resources: nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 12%
    forests and woodland: 39%
    other: 49% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: typhoons most frequent from November to March

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)