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Nigeria Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

    Geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 8 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 923,770 sq km
    land: 910,770 sq km
    water: 13,000 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than twice the size of California

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4,047 km
    border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

    Coastline: 853 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 30 nm

    Climate: varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

    Terrain: southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, natural gas

    Land use:
    arable land: 33%
    permanent crops: 3%
    permanent pastures: 44%
    forests and woodland: 12%
    other: 8% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 9,570 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: soil degradation; rapid deforestation; desertification; recent droughts in north severely affecting marginal agricultural activities

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)