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Niue (self-governing in free association with New Zealand) Geography 1999

    Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

    Geographic coordinates: 19 02 S, 169 52 W

    Map references: Oceania

    total: 260 sq km
    land: 260 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 64 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

    Terrain: steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m

    Natural resources: fish, arable land

    Land use:
    arable land: 19%
    permanent crops: 8%
    permanent pastures: 4%
    forests and woodland: 19%
    other: 50% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: typhoons

    Environment—current issues: traditional methods of burning brush and trees to clear land for agriculture have threatened soil supplies which are not naturally very abundant

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: one of world's largest coral islands

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)