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Panama Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 355 km
    broad gauge: 76 km 1.524-m gauge
    narrow gauge: 279 km 0.914-m gauge

    Highways:
    total: 11,100 km
    paved: 3,730 km (including 30 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 7,370 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 800 km navigable by shallow draft vessels; 82 km Panama Canal

    Pipelines: crude oil 130 km

    Ports and harbors: Balboa, Cristobal, Coco Solo, Manzanillo (part of Colon area), Vacamonte

    Merchant marine:
    total: 4,632 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 98,433,972 GRT/149,800,820 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 1,335, cargo 1,028, chemical tanker 288, combination bulk 68, combination ore/oil 15, container 507, liquefied gas tanker 176, livestock carrier 9, multifunction large-load carrier 6, oil tanker 498, passenger 41, passenger-cargo 5, railcar carrier 2, refrigerated cargo 312, roll-on/roll-off cargo 102, short-sea passenger 40, specialized tanker 23, vehicle carrier 177
    note: a flag of convenience registry; includes ships from 71 countries among which are Japan 1,262, Greece 378, Hong Kong 244, South Korea 259, Taiwan 229, China 193, Singapore 103, US 116, Switzerland 78, and Indonesia 53 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 110 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 43
    over 3,047 m: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
    914 to 1,523 m: 14
    under 914 m: 22 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 67
    914 to 1,523 m: 17
    under 914 m: 50 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)