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Paraguay Geography

    Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina

    Geographic coordinates: 23 00 S, 58 00 W

    Map references: South America

    Area:
    total: 406,750 sq km
    land: 397,300 sq km
    water: 9,450 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than California

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,920 km
    border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: subtropical; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west

    Terrain: grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
    highest point: Cerro San Rafael 850 m

    Natural resources: hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone

    Land use:
    arable land: 6%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 55%
    forests and woodland: 32%
    other: 7% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 670 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)

    Environment—current issues: deforestation (an estimated 2 million hectares of forest land have been lost from 1958-85); water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal present health risks for many urban residents

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban

    Geography—note: landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)