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Pitcairn Islands (overseas territory of the UK) Geography

    Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Peru to New Zealand

    Geographic coordinates: 25 04 S, 130 06 W

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 47 sq km
    land: 47 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 51 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: tropical, hot, humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)

    Terrain: rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Pawala Valley Ridge 347 m

    Natural resources: miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish
    note: manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore

    Land use:
    arable land: NA%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: NA%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: typhoons (especially November to March)

    Environment—current issues: deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement)

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)