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Saint Helena (overseas territory of the UK) Geography

    Location: islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about mid-way between South America and Africa

    Geographic coordinates: 15 56 S, 5 42 W

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 410 sq km
    land: 410 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Ascension, Gough Island, Inaccessible Island, Nightingale Island, and Tristan da Cunha Island

    Area—comparative: slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 60 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: Saint Helena—tropical; marine; mild, tempered by trade winds; Tristan da Cunha—temperate; marine, mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)

    Terrain: Saint Helena—rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains
    note: the other islands of the group have a volcanic origin

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2,060 m

    Natural resources: fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 6%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: 6%
    forests and woodland: 6%
    other: 82% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: Napoleon Bonaparte's place of exile and burial (his remains were taken to Paris in 1840); harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else in the world; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)