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Samoa Geography

    Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

    Geographic coordinates: 13 35 S, 172 20 W

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 2,860 sq km
    land: 2,850 sq km
    water: 10 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Rhode Island

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 403 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; rainy season (October to March), dry season (May to October)

    Terrain: narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mauga Silisili 1,857 m

    Natural resources: hardwood forests, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 19%
    permanent crops: 24%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 47%
    other: 10%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: occasional typhoons; active volcanism

    Environment—current issues: soil erosion

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)