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San Marino Geography

    Location: Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

    Geographic coordinates: 43 46 N, 12 25 E

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 60 sq km
    land: 60 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries:
    total: 39 km
    border countries: Italy 39 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

    Terrain: rugged mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
    highest point: Monte Titano 749 m

    Natural resources: building stone

    Land use:
    arable land: 17%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 83% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Nuclear Test Ban
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution

    Geography—note: landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)