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Sao Tome and Principe Geography

    Location: Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon

    Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 7 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 1,000 sq km
    land: 1,000 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: more than five times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 209 km

    Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)

    Terrain: volcanic, mountainous

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m

    Natural resources: fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: 36%
    permanent pastures: 1%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 61% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 100 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea
    signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)