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Senegal Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

    Geographic coordinates: 14 00 N, 14 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 196,190 sq km
    land: 192,000 sq km
    water: 4,190 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than South Dakota

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,640 km
    border countries: The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km

    Coastline: 531 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind

    Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m

    Natural resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore

    Land use:
    arable land: 12%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 16%
    forests and woodland: 54%
    other: 18% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 710 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping

    Geography—note: The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)