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Singapore Geography

    Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

    Geographic coordinates: 1 22 N, 103 48 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: 647.5 sq km
    land: 637.5 sq km
    water: 10 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 193 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy; no pronounced rainy or dry seasons; thunderstorms occur on 40% of all days (67% of days in April)

    Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
    highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m

    Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: 6%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: 5%
    other: 87% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)