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Singapore Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Singapore
    conventional short form: Singapore

    Data code: SN

    Government type: republic within Commonwealth

    Capital: Singapore

    Administrative divisions: none

    Independence: 9 August 1965 (from Malaysia)

    National holiday: National Day, 9 August (1965)

    Constitution: 3 June 1959, amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapore Constitution)

    Legal system: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal and compulsory

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President ONG Teng Cheong (since 1 September 1993)
    head of government: Prime Minister GOH Chok Tong (since 28 November 1990) and Deputy Prime Ministers LEE Hsien Loong (since 28 November 1990) and Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 August 1995)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president, responsible to Parliament
    elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 28 August 1993 (next to be held NA August 1999); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president; deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
    election results: ONG Teng Cheong elected president in the country's first popular election for president; percent of vote—ONG Teng Cheong 59%, CHUA Kim Yeow 41%

    Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (83 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 2 January 1997 (next to be held by 2002)
    election results: percent of vote by party—PAP 65% (in contested constituencies), other 35%; seats by party—PAP 81, WP 1, SPP 1

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court, chief justice is appointed by the president with the advice of the prime minister, other judges are appointed by the president with the advice of the chief justice; Court of Appeals

    Political parties and leaders:
    government: People's Action Party or PAP [GOH Chok Tong, secretary general]
    opposition: Singapore Democratic Party or SDP [CHEE Soon Juan]; Workers' Party or WP [J. B. JEYARETNAM]; National Solidarity Party or NSP [C. K. TAN]; Singapore People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See Tong]; Democratic Action Party [LIM Kit Siang, secretary general]

    International organization participation: APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, Australia Group (observer), BIS, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNIKOM, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador CHAN Heng Chee
    chancery: 3501 International Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 537-3100
    FAX: [1] (202) 537-0876
    consulate(s): New York

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Steven J. GREEN
    embassy: 27 Napier Street, Singapore 258508
    mailing address: FPO AP 96534-0001
    telephone: [65] 476-9100
    FAX: [65] 476-9340

    Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)