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Slovenia Geography

    Location: Southeastern Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia

    Geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 15 00 E

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 20,256 sq km
    land: 20,256 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,334 km
    border countries: Austria 330 km, Croatia 670 km, Italy 232 km, Hungary 102 km

    Coastline: 46.6 km

    Maritime claims: NA

    Climate: Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east

    Terrain: a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountain and valleys with numerous rivers to the east

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
    highest point: Triglav 2,864 m

    Natural resources: lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver

    Land use:
    arable land: 12%
    permanent crops: 3%
    permanent pastures: 24%
    forests and woodland: 54%
    other: 7% (1996 est.)

    Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: flooding and earthquakes

    Environment—current issues: Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)