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Spratly Islands Geography

    Location: Southeastern Asia, group of reefs and islands in the South China Sea, about two-thirds of the way from southern Vietnam to the southern Philippines

    Geographic coordinates: 8 38 N, 111 55 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: less than 5 sq km
    land: less than 5 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes 100 or so islets, coral reefs, and sea mounts scattered over an area of nearly 410,000 sq km of the central South China Sea

    Area—comparative: NA

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 926 km

    Maritime claims: NA

    Climate: tropical

    Terrain: flat

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location on Southwest Cay 4 m

    Natural resources: fish, guano, undetermined oil and natural gas potential

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 100%

    Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)

    Natural hazards: typhoons; serious maritime hazard because of numerous reefs and shoals

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: none of the selected agreements
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: strategically located near several primary shipping lanes in the central South China Sea; includes numerous small islands, atolls, shoals, and coral reefs

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)