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Swaziland Geography 1999

    Location: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

    Geographic coordinates: 26 30 S, 31 30 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 17,360 sq km
    land: 17,200 sq km
    water: 160 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

    Land boundaries:
    total: 535 km
    border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: varies from tropical to near temperate

    Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m
    highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m

    Natural resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

    Land use:
    arable land: 11%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 62%
    forests and woodland: 7%
    other: 20% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 670 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)