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Taiwan Geography

    Location: Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China

    Geographic coordinates: 23 30 N, 121 00 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: 35,980 sq km
    land: 32,260 sq km
    water: 3,720 sq km
    note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 1,448 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year

    Terrain: eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
    highest point: Yu Shan 3,997 m

    Natural resources: small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos

    Land use:
    arable land: 24%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 5%
    forests and woodland: 55%
    other: 15%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: earthquakes and typhoons

    Environment—current issues: air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: none of the selected agreements
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)