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Togo Geography 1999

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana

    Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 1 10 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 56,790 sq km
    land: 54,390 sq km
    water: 2,400 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,647 km
    border countries: Benin 644 km, Burkina Faso 126 km, Ghana 877 km

    Coastline: 56 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 30 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

    Terrain: gently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Pic Agou 986 m

    Natural resources: phosphates, limestone, marble

    Land use:
    arable land: 38%
    permanent crops: 7%
    permanent pastures: 4%
    forests and woodland: 17%
    other: 34% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 70 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; recent droughts affecting agriculture

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)