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Trinidad and Tobago Geography 1999

    Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

    Geographic coordinates: 11 00 N, 61 00 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    total: 5,130 sq km
    land: 5,130 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 362 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to December)

    Terrain: mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt

    Land use:
    arable land: 15%
    permanent crops: 9%
    permanent pastures: 2%
    forests and woodland: 46%
    other: 28% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 220 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms

    Environment—current issues: water pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)