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Turks and Caicos Islands (overseas territory of the UK) Geography 1999

    Location: Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas

    Geographic coordinates: 21 45 N, 71 35 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    total: 430 sq km
    land: 430 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 389 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

    Terrain: low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Blue Hills 49 m

    Natural resources: spiny lobster, conch

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 98% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes

    Environment—current issues: limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: 30 islands (eight inhabited)

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)