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Uganda Geography

    Location: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya

    Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 32 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 236,040 sq km
    land: 199,710 sq km
    water: 36,330 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,698 km
    border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 765 km, Kenya 933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, Tanzania 396 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast

    Terrain: mostly plateau with rim of mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Lake Albert 621 m
    highest point: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley 5,110 m

    Natural resources: copper, cobalt, limestone, salt

    Land use:
    arable land: 25%
    permanent crops: 9%
    permanent pastures: 9%
    forests and woodland: 28%
    other: 29% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 90 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: draining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching is widespread

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)