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Vanuatu Geography

    Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia

    Geographic coordinates: 16 00 S, 167 00 E

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 14,760 sq km
    land: 14,760 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes more than 80 islands

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Connecticut

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 2,528 km

    Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds

    Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m

    Natural resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: 10%
    permanent pastures: 2%
    forests and woodland: 75%
    other: 11% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanism causes minor earthquakes

    Environment—current issues: a majority of the population does not have access to a potable and reliable supply of water; deforestation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)