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Wallis and Futuna (overseas territory of France) Geography

    Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

    Geographic coordinates: 13 18 S, 176 12 W

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 274 sq km
    land: 274 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets

    Area—comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 129 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C

    Terrain: volcanic origin; low hills

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mont Singavi 765 m

    Natural resources: NEGL

    Land use:
    arable land: 5%
    permanent crops: 20%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 75% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural fresh water resources

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: both island groups have fringing reefs

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)