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West Bank Geography

    Location: Middle East, west of Jordan

    Geographic coordinates: 32 00 N, 35 15 E

    Map references: Middle East

    Area:
    total: 5,860 sq km
    land: 5,640 sq km
    water: 220 sq km
    note: includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware

    Land boundaries:
    total: 404 km
    border countries: Israel 307 km, Jordan 97 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: temperate, temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters

    Terrain: mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation in west, but barren in east

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
    highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m

    Natural resources: NEGL

    Land use:
    arable land: 27%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 32%
    forests and woodland: 1%
    other: 40%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: none of the selected agreements
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: landlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers; there are 216 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank and 29 in East Jerusalem (August 1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)