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Zambia Geography

    Location: Southern Africa, east of Angola

    Geographic coordinates: 15 00 S, 30 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 752,610 sq km
    land: 740,720 sq km
    water: 11,890 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,664 km
    border countries: Angola 1,110 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,930 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zimbabwe 797 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

    Terrain: mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m
    highest point: unnamed location in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m

    Natural resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower

    Land use:
    arable land: 7%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 40%
    forests and woodland: 39%
    other: 14% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 460 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: tropical storms (November to April)

    Environment—current issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros and elephant populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)