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Zimbabwe Geography 1999

    Location: Southern Africa, northeast of Botswana

    Geographic coordinates: 20 00 S, 30 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 390,580 sq km
    land: 386,670 sq km
    water: 3,910 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Montana

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,066 km
    border countries: Botswana 813 km, Mozambique 1,231 km, South Africa 225 km, Zambia 797 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)

    Terrain: mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save rivers 162 m
    highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m

    Natural resources: coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals

    Land use:
    arable land: 7%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 13%
    forests and woodland: 23%
    other: 57% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,930 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd—once the largest concentration of the species in the world—has been significantly reduced by poaching

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: landlocked

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)