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Zimbabwe Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Zimbabwe
    conventional short form: Zimbabwe
    former: Southern Rhodesia

    Data code: ZI

    Government type: parliamentary democracy

    Capital: Harare

    Administrative divisions: 8 provinces and 2 cities* with provincial status; Bulawayo*, Harare*, Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West, Masvingo, Matabeleland North, Matabeleland South, Midlands

    Independence: 18 April 1980 (from UK)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 18 April (1980)

    Constitution: 21 December 1979

    Legal system: mixture of Roman-Dutch and English common law

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Executive President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 December 1987); Co-Vice Presidents Simon Vengai MUZENDA (since 31 December 1987) and Joshua M. NKOMO (since 6 August 1990); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: Executive President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 December 1987); Co-Vice Presidents Simon Vengai MUZENDA (since 31 December 1987) and Joshua M. NKOMO (since 6 August 1990); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president; responsible to the House of Assembly
    elections: president nominated by the House of Assembly for a six-year term (if more than one nomination, an electoral college consisting of members of the House of Assembly elects the president); election last held 26-27 March 1996 (next to be held NA March 2002); co-vice presidents appointed by the president
    election results: Robert Gabriel MUGABE reelected president; percent of electoral college vote—Robert Gabriel MUGABE 92.7%, Abel MUZOREWA 4.8%; Ndabaningi SITHOLE 2.4%

    Legislative branch: unicameral parliament, called House of Assembly (150 seats—120 elected by popular vote for six-year terms, 12 nominated by the president, 10 occupied by traditional chiefs chosen by their peers, and 8 occupied by provincial governors)
    elections: last held 8-9 April 1995 (next to be held NA April 2001)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—ZANU-PF 117, ZANU-Ndonga 2, independent 1

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court

    Political parties and leaders: Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front or ZANU-PF [Robert MUGABE]; Zimbabwe African National Union-NDONGA or ZANU-NDONGA [Ndabaningi SITHOLE]; Zimbabwe Unity Movement or ZUM [Edgar TEKERE]; Democratic Party or DP [Emmanuel MAGOCHE]; Forum Party of Zimbabwe [Enock DUMBUTSHENA]; United Parties [Abel MUZOREWA]

    International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, MONUA, NAM, OAU, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Amos Bernard Muvengwa MIDZI
    chancery: 1608 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 332-7100
    FAX: [1] (202) 483-9326

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas McDONALD
    embassy: 172 Herbert Chitepo Avenue, Harare
    mailing address: P. O. Box 3340, Harare
    telephone: [263] (4) 794521
    FAX: [263] (4) 796488

    Flag description: seven equal horizontal bands of green, yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green with a white equilateral triangle edged in black based on the hoist side; a yellow Zimbabwe bird is superimposed on a red five-pointed star in the center of the triangle

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)