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    Albania Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, betweenGreece and Serbia and Montenegro

      Geographic coordinates 41 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 28,750 sq km
      land: 27,400 sq km
      water: 1,350 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries
      total: 720 km
      border countries: Greece 282 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 151 km, Serbiaand Montenegro 287 km (114 km with Serbia, 173 km with Montenegro)

      Coastline 362 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea : 12 nm

      Climate mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers;interior is cooler and wetter

      Terrain mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point : Maja e Korabit 2,753 m

      Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, timber, nickel

      Land use
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 15%
      forests and woodland: 38%
      other: 21% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 3,410 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domesticeffluents

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified : none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to IonianSea and Mediterranean Sea)

      NOTE: The information regarding Albania on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Albania Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Albania Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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