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    Austria Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form : Republic of Austria
      conventional short form: Austria
      local long form: Republik Oesterreich
      local short form: Oesterreich

      Data code AU

      Government type federal republic

      National capital Vienna

      Administrative divisions 9 states (Bundeslaender, singular - Bundesland); Burgenland, Kaernten,Niederoesterreich, Oberoesterreich, Salzburg, Steiermark, Tirol, Vorarlberg,Wien

      Independence 1156 (from Bavaria)

      National holiday National Day, 26 October (1955)

      Constitution 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated 1 May 1945)

      Legal system civil law system with Roman law origin; judicial review of legislativeacts by the Constitutional Court; separate administrative and civil/penalsupreme courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal; compulsory for presidential elections

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Thomas KLESTIL (since 8 July 1992)
      head of government: Chancellor Viktor KLIMA (since 28 January 1997); Vice Chancellor WolfgangSCHUESSEL (since 22 April 1995)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor
      elections : president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; presidentialelection last held 24 May 1992 (next to be held NA 1998); chancellor chosenby the president from the majority party in the National Council; vice chancellorchosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor
      election results: Thomas KLESTIL elected president; percent of vote, second ballot - ThomasKLESTIL 57%, Rudolf STREICHER 43%

      Legislative branch bicameral Federal Assembly or Bundesversammlung consists of FederalCouncil or Bundesrat (63 members; members represent each of the provinceson the basis of population, but with each province having at least three representatives)and the National Council or Nationalrat (183 seats; members elected by directpopular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: National Council - last held 17 December 1995 (next to be held Fall1999)
      election results : National Council - percent of vote by party - SPOe 38.3%, OeVP 28.3%,FPOe 22.1%, Greens 4.6%, LF 5.3%, other 1.4%; seats by party - SPOe 71, OeVP53, FPOe 40, Greens 9, LF 10

      Judicial branch Supreme Judicial Court or Oberster Gerichtshof; Administrative Courtor Verwaltungsgerichtshof; Constitutional Court or Verfassungsgerichtshof

      Political parties and leaders Social Democratic Party of Austria or SPOe [Viktor KLIMA, chairman];Austrian People's Party or OeVP [Wolfgang SCHUESSEL, chairman]; Freedom Movementor FPOe (formerly the Freedom Party of Austria or FPOe [Joerg HAIDER, chairman];Communist Party or KPOe [Walter SILBERMAYER, chairman]; The Greens [MadeleinePETROVIC]; Liberal Forum or LF [Heide SCHMIDT]

      Political pressure groups and leaders Federal Chamber of Trade and Commerce; Austrian Trade Union Federation(primarily Socialist) or OeGB; three composite leagues of the Austrian People'sParty or OeVP representing business, labor, and farmers; OeVP-oriented Leagueof Austrian Industrialists or VOeI; Roman Catholic Church, including its chieflay organization, Catholic Action

      International organization participation AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, CERN,EBRD, ECE, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM,IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MTCR, NACC (observer), NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer),OECD, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM,UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WEU (observer), WFTU, WHO,WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Helmut TUERK
      chancery : 3524 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008-3035
      telephone: [1] (202) 895-6700
      FAX: [1] (202) 895-6750
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Swanee G. HUNT
      embassy: Boltzmanngasse 16, A-1091, Vienna
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone : [43] (1) 313-39
      FAX: [43] (1) 310-0682

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red

      NOTE: The information regarding Austria on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Austria Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Austria Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)