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    Burma Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal,between Bangladesh and Thailand

      Geographic coordinates 22 00 N, 98 00 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total : 678,500 sq km
      land: 657,740 sq km
      water: 20,760 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,876 km
      border countries: Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, Thailand1,800 km

      Coastline 1,930 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone : 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon,June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)

      Terrain central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Andaman Sea 0 m
      highest point : Hkakabo Razi 5,881 m

      Natural resources petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal,some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas

      Land use
      arable land : 15%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 49%
      other: 34% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 10,680 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides commonduring rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues deforestation; industrial pollution of air, soil, and water; inadequatesanitation and water treatment contribute to disease

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, OzoneLayer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes

      NOTE: The information regarding Burma on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burma Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burma Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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