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    Cameroon Geography 1997

      Location Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guineaand Nigeria

      Geographic coordinates 6 00 N, 12 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 475,440 sq km
      land: 469,440 sq km
      water: 6,000 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries
      total : 4,591 km
      border countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km

      Coastline 402 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 50 nm

      Climate varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot innorth

      Terrain diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center,mountains in west, plains in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Fako 4,095 m

      Natural resources petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower potential

      Land use
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 78%
      other : 3% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 210 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards recent volcanic activity with release of poisonous gases

      Environment - current issues water-borne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification;poaching; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, OzoneLayer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Cameroon on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cameroon Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cameroon Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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