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    Colombia Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Colombia
      conventional short form: Colombia
      local long form: Republica de Colombia
      local short form : Colombia

      Data code CO

      Government type republic; executive branch dominates government structure

      National capital Bogota

      Administrative divisions 32 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capitaldistrict* (distrito capital); Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlantico, Bolivar,Boyaca, Caldas, Caqueta, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choco, Cordoba, Cundinamarca,Guainia, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Narino, Norte de Santander,Putumayo, Quindio, Risaralda, San Andres y Providencia, Santa Fe de Bogota*,Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupes, Vichada

      Independence 20 July 1810 (from Spain)

      National holiday Independence Day, 20 July (1810)

      Constitution 5 July 1991

      Legal system based on Spanish law; a new criminal code modeled after US procedureswas enacted in 1992-93; judicial review of executive and legislative acts;accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Executive branch
      chief of state : President Ernesto SAMPER Pizano (since 7 August 1994); note - the presidentis both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President Ernesto SAMPER Pizano (since 7 August 1994); note - the presidentis both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Cabinet
      elections : president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election lastheld 29 May 1994 (next to be held May 1998); vice president elected by popularvote for a four-year term in a new procedure that replaces the traditionaldesignation of vice presidents by newly elected presidents
      election results : Ernesto SAMPER Pizano elected president; percent of vote - no candidatereceived more than 50% of the total vote, therefore, a run-off election toselect a president from the two leading candidates was held 19 June 1994;percent of vote - Ernesto SAMPER Pizano (Liberal Party) 50.4%, Andres PASTRANAArango (Conservative Party) 48.6%, blank votes 1%; Humberto de la CALLE Lombanaelected vice president; percent of vote - NA

      Legislative branch bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Senate or Senado (102seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and theHouse of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (161 seats; members areelected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: Senate - last held 13 March 1994 (next to be held March 1998); Houseof Representatives - last held 13 March 1994 (next to be held March 1998)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Party59, conservatives (includes PC, MSN, and NDF) 31, other 12; House of Representatives- percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Party 89, conservatives(includes PC, MSN, and NDF) 53, AD/M-19 2, other 17

      Judicial branch Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justical), highest courtof criminal law, judges are selected from the nominees of the Higher Councilof Justice for eight-year terms; Council of State, highest court of administrativelaw, judges are selected from the nominees of the Higher Council of Justicefor eight-year terms; Constitutional Court, guards integrity and supremacyof the constitution, rules on constitutionality of laws, amendments to theconstitution, and international treaties

      Political parties and leaders Liberal Party or PL [Emilio LEBOLO Castellanos]; Conservative Partyor PC [Fabio VALENCIA Cossio]; New Democratic Force or NDF [Andres PASTRANAArango]; Democratic Alliance M-19 or AD/M-19 is a coalition of small leftistparties and dissident liberals and conservatives; Patriotic Union (UP) isa legal political party formed by Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)and Colombian Communist Party (PCC); National Salvation Movement or MSN [Dr.Alvaro GOMEZ Hurtado]

      Political pressure groups and leaders two largest insurgent groups active in Colombia - Revolutionary ArmedForces of Colombia or FARC; and National Liberation Army or ELN

      International organization participation AG, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G- 3, G-11, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD,ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO,IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM,OAS, OPANAL, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU,WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Juan Carlos ESGUERRA Portocarrero
      chancery: 2118 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 387-8338
      FAX: [1] (202) 232-8643
      consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York,San Francisco, San Juan (Puerto Rico), and Washington, DC
      consulate(s): Atlanta and Tampa

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Myles R. R. FRECHETTE
      embassy: Calle 22D-BIS, No. 47-51, Apartado Aereo 3831
      mailing address : APO AA 34038
      telephone: [57] (1) 315-0811
      FAX: [57] (1) 315-2197

      Flag description three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double-width), blue, and red;similar to the flag of Ecuador, which is longer and bears the Ecuadorian coatof arms superimposed in the center

      NOTE: The information regarding Colombia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Colombia Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Colombia Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)