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    Comoros Geography 1997

      Location Southern Africa, group of islands in the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirdsof the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates 12 10 S, 44 15 E

      Map references Africa

      total : 2,170 sq km
      land: 2,170 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 340 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

      Terrain volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Kartala 2,360 m

      Natural resources negligible

      Land use
      arable land: 35%
      permanent crops: 10%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland : 18%
      other: 30% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards cyclones and tsunamis possible during rainy season (December to April);Mount Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano

      Environment - current issues soil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopeswithout proper terracing; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes,Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification

      Geography - note important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel

      NOTE: The information regarding Comoros on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Comoros Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Comoros Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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