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    Dominican Republic Geography 1997

      Location Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between theCaribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

      Geographic coordinates 19 00 N, 70 40 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 48,730 sq km
      land: 48,380 sq km
      water : 350 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

      Land boundaries
      total : 275 km
      border countries: Haiti 275 km

      Coastline 1,288 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone : 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 6 nm

      Climate tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variationin rainfall

      Terrain rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
      highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

      Natural resources nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

      Land use
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 9%
      permanent pastures : 43%
      forests and woodland: 12%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 2,300 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards occasional hurricanes (July to October)

      Environment - current issues water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation,Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the DominicanRepublic, western one-third is Haiti)

      NOTE: The information regarding Dominican Republic on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Dominican Republic Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Dominican Republic Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)