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    France Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: French Republic
      conventional short form: France
      local long form : Republique Francaise
      local short form: France

      Data code FR

      Government type republic

      National capital Paris

      Administrative divisions 22 regions (regions, singular - region); Alsace, Aquitaine, Auvergne,Basse-Normandie, Bourgogne, Bretagne, Centre, Champagne-Ardenne, Corse, Franche-Comte,Haute-Normandie, Ile-de-France, Languedoc-Roussillon, Limousin, Lorraine,Midi-Pyrenees, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Pays de la Loire, Picardie, Poitou-Charentes,Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, Rhone-Alpes
      note: metropolitan France is divided into 22 regions (including the "territorialcollectivity" of Corse or Corsica) and is subdivided into 96 departments;see separate entries for the overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe,Martinique, Reunion) and the overseas territorial collectivities (Mayotte,Saint Pierre and Miquelon)

      Dependent areas Bassas da India, Clipperton Island, Europa Island, French Polynesia,French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island,New Caledonia, Tromelin Island, Wallis and Futuna
      note: the US does not recognize claims to Antarctica

      Independence 486 (unified by Clovis)

      National holiday National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

      Constitution 28 September 1958, amended concerning election of president in 1962,amended to comply with provisions of EC Maastricht Treaty in 1992; amendedto tighten immigration laws 1993

      Legal system civil law system with indigenous concepts; review of administrativebut not legislative acts

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995)
      head of government: Prime Minister Lionel JOSPIN (since 3 June 1997)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the suggestion ofthe prime minister
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election lastheld 23 April and 7 May 1995 (next to be held by May 2002); prime ministerappointed by the president
      election results: Jacques CHIRAC elected president; percent of vote, second ballot - JacquesCHIRAC 52.64%, Lionel JOSPIN 47.36%

      Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (321seats - 296 for metropolitan France, 13 for overseas departments and territories,and 12 for French nationals abroad; members are indirectly elected by an electoralcollege to serve nine-year terms; elected by thirds every three years) andthe National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (577 seats; members are electedunder a single-member majoritarian system to serve five-year terms)
      elections: Senate - last held 24 September 1995 (next to be held September 1998);National Assembly - last held 25 May-1 June 1997 (next to be held NA May 2002)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 94, UDF127, PS 75, PCF 15, other 10; National Assembly - percent of vote by party- NA; seats by party - PS 245, RPR 140, UDF 109, PCF 37, PRS 13, Ecologists8, MDC 7, LDI-MPF 1, FN 1, various left 9, various right 7

      Judicial branch Supreme Court of Appeals or Cour de Cassation, judges are appointedby the president from nominations of the High Council of the Judiciary

      Political parties and leaders Rally for the Republic or RPR [Alain JUPPE, president]; Union for FrenchDemocracy or UDF (coalition of PR, FD, RAD, PPDF) [Francois LEOTARD]; RepublicanParty or PR [Francois LEOTARD]; Democratic Force or FD [Francois BAYROU];Socialist Party or PS [Lionel JOSPIN]; Radical Party or RRRS [Andre ROSSINOT,Aymeri de MONTESQUIEU]; Communist Party or PCF [Robert HUE]; National Frontor FN [Jean-Marie LE PEN]; The Greens [Dominique VOYNET]; Generation Ecologyor GE [Brice LALONDE]; Citizens Movement or MDC [Jean Pierre CHEVENEMENT];National Center of Independents and Peasants or CNIP [Jean-Antoine GIANSILY];Radical Socialist Party or PRS; Movement for France or LDI-MPF

      Political pressure groups and leaders Communist-controlled labor union (Confederation Generale du Travail)or CGT, nearly 2.4 million members (claimed); Socialist-leaning labor union(Confederation Francaise Democratique du Travail) or CFDT, about 800,000 members(est.); independent labor union or Force Ouvriere, 1 million members (est.);independent white-collar union or Confederation Generale des Cadres, 340,000members (claimed); National Council of French Employers (Conseil Nationaldu Patronat Francais) or CNPF or Patronat

      International organization participation ACCT, AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BDEAC, BIS, CCC, CDB(non-regional), CE, CERN, EBRD, ECA (associate), ECE, ECLAC, EIB, ESA, ESCAP,EU, FAO, FZ, G- 5, G- 7, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC,IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MTCR, NACC, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD,OSCE, PCA, SPC, UN, UN Security Council, UNAVEM III, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR,UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIH, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNU, UPU,WCL, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Francois V. BUJON DE L'ESTANG
      chancery: 4101 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007
      telephone: [1] (202) 944-6000
      FAX : [1] (202) 944-6166
      consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, NewOrleans, New York, San Francisco, and San Juan (Puerto Rico)

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Pamela C. HARRIMAN (died in office 2 February 1997)
      embassy: 2 Avenue Gabriel, 75382 Paris Cedex 08
      mailing address: PSC 116, APO AE 09777
      telephone: [33] (1) 43-12-22-22
      FAX : [33] (1) 42 66 97 83
      consulate(s) general: Marseille, Strasbourg

      Flag description three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), white, and red; knownas the French Tricouleur (Tricolor); the design and colors are similar toa number of other flags, including those of Belgium, Chad, Ireland, Cote d'Ivoire,and Luxembourg; the official flag for all French dependent areas

      NOTE: The information regarding France on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of France Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about France Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)