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    India Communications 1997

      Telephones 9.8 million (1995)

      Telephone system probably the least adequate telephone system of any of the industrializingcountries; three of every four villages have no telephone service; only 5%of India's villages have long-distance service; poor telephone service significantlyimpedes commercial and industrial growth and penalizes India in global markets;slow improvement is taking place with the recent admission of private andprivate-public investors, but demand for communication services is also growingrapidly
      domestic : local service is provided mostly by open wire and obsolete electromechanicaland manual switchboard systems; within the last 10 years a substantial amountof digital switch gear has been introduced for local service; long-distancetraffic is carried mostly by open wire, coaxial cable, and low-capacity microwaveradio relay; since 1985, however, significant trunk capacity has been addedin the form of fiber-optic cable and a domestic satellite system with over100 earth stations
      international : satellite earth stations - 8 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Inmarsat(Indian Ocean Region); submarine cables to Malaysia and UAE

      Radio broadcast stations AM 96, FM 4, shortwave 0

      Radios 70 million (1992 est.)

      Television broadcast stations 274 (government controlled)

      Televisions 33 million (1992 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India Communications 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India Communications 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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