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    Italy Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: Italian Republic
      conventional short form: Italy
      local long form: Repubblica Italiana
      local short form : Italia
      former: Kingdom of Italy

      Data code IT

      Government type republic

      National capital Rome

      Administrative divisions 20 regions (regioni, singular - regione); Abruzzi, Basilicata, Calabria,Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Molise, Piemonte, Puglia, Sardegna, Sicilia, Toscana, Trentino-AltoAdige, Umbria, Valle d'Aosta, Veneto

      Independence 17 March 1861 (Kingdom of Italy proclaimed)

      National holiday Anniversary of the Republic, 2 June (1946)

      Constitution 1 January 1948

      Legal system based on civil law system, with ecclesiastical law influence; appealstreated as trials de novo; judicial review under certain conditions in ConstitutionalCourt; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal (except in senatorial elections, where minimumage is 25)

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Oscar Luigi SCALFARO (since 28 May 1992)
      head of government : Prime Minister (referred to in Italy as the president of the Councilof Ministers) Romano PRODI (since 18 May 1996)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and approved bythe president
      elections: president elected by an electoral college consisting of both housesof Parliament and 58 regional representatives for a seven-year term; electionlast held 25 May 1992 (next to be held NA 1999); prime minister appointedby the president
      election results: Oscar Luigi SCALFARO elected president; percent of electoral collegevote - NA

      Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Parlamento consists of the Senate or Senatodella Repubblica (326 seats, 315 popularly elected of which 232 are directly elected and 83 by regional proportional representation, 11 appointed senators-for-life;members serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camera dei Deputati(630 seats; 475 are directly elected, 155 by regional proportional representation;members serve five-year terms)
      elections: Senate - last held 21 April 1996 (next to be held by NA April 2001);Chamber of Deputies - last held 21 April 1996 (next to be held by NA April2001)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Olive Tree157, Freedom Alliance 116, Northern League 27, Refounded Communists 10, regionallists 3, Social Movement-Tricolor Flames 1, Panella Reformers 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Olive Tree 284,Freedom Alliance 246, Northern League 59, Refounded Communists 35, SouthernTyrol List 3, Autonomous List 2, other 1

      Judicial branch Constitutional Court or Corte Costituzionale, composed of 15 judges(one-third appointed by the president, one-third elected by Parliament, one-thirdelected by the ordinary and administrative supreme courts)

      Political parties and leaders
      Olive Tree (Ulivo): Democratic Party of the Left or PDS [Massimo D'ALEMA]; Greens (Verdi)[Carlo RIPA DI MEANA]; Italian Renewal or RI [Lamberto DINI]; Italian PopularParty or PPI [Franco MARINI - elected 12 January 1997]
      Freedom Pole: Forza Italia or FI [Silvio BERLUSCONI]; National Alliance or AN [GianfrancoFINI]; Christian Democratic Center or CCD [Pierferdinando CASINI]; ChristianDemocratic Union or CDU [Rocco BUTTIGLIONE]
      other: Northern League or NL [Umberto BOSSI]; Communism Refoundation or RC[Fausto BERTINOTTI]; Italian Social Movement-Tricolor Flame or MSI-FiammaTricolore [Pino RAUTI]; Pannella-Sgarbi's List (Lista Pannella-Sgarbi) [MarcoPANNELLA]; Italian Socialists or SI [Enrico BOSELLI]; Autonomous List (a groupof minor parties); Southern Tyrols List or SVP (German speakers)

      Political pressure groups and leaders the Roman Catholic Church; three major trade union confederations (ConfederazioneGenerale Italiana del Lavoro or CGIL which is PDS-dominated, ConfederazioneItaliana dei Sindacati Lavoratori or CISL which is centrist, and Unione Italianadel Lavoro or UIL which is center-right); Italian manufacturers and merchantsassociations (Confindustria, Confcommercio); organized farm groups (Confcoltivatori,Confagricoltura)

      International organization participation AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CDB (non-regional),CE, CE (observer), CEI, CERN, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 7, G-10,IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer),MINURSO, MTCR, NACC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OSCE,PCA, UN, UNAVEM III, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR,UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Ferdinando SALLEO
      chancery: 1601 Fuller Street NW, Washington, DC 20009 and 2700 16th Street NW,Washington, DC 20009
      telephone: [1] (202) 328-5500 (year 2000) - (202)612-4400 (year 2006)
      FAX: [1] (202) 518-2151
      consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Houston, Miami, New York, Los Angeles, Philadelphia,San Francisco
      consulate(s): Detroit and New Orleans

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Reginald BARTHOLOMEW
      embassy : Via Veneto 119/A, 00187-Rome
      mailing address: PSC 59, Box 100, APO AE 09624
      telephone: [39] (6) 46741
      FAX: [39] (6) 488-2672
      consulate(s) general : Florence, Milan, Naples

      Flag description three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; similarto the flag of Ireland, which is longer and is green (hoist side), white,and orange; also similar to the flag of the Cote d'Ivoire, which has the colorsreversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green

      NOTE: The information regarding Italy on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Italy Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Italy Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)