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    Korea, South Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form : Republic of Korea
      conventional short form: South Korea
      local long form: Taehan-min'guk
      local short form: none
      note : the South Koreans generally use the term "Hanguk" to refer to theircountry
      abbreviation: ROK

      Data code KS

      Government type republic

      National capital Seoul

      Administrative divisions 9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 6 special cities* (gwangyoksi,singular and plural); Cheju-do, Cholla-bukto, Cholla-namdo, Ch'ungch'ong-bukto,Ch'ungch'ong-namdo, Inch'on-gwangyoksi*, Kangwon-do, Kwangju-gwangyoksi*,Kyonggi-do, Kyongsang-bukto, Kyongsang-namdo, Pusan-gwangyoksi*, Soul-t'ukpyolsi*,Taegu-gwangyoksi*, Taejon-gwangyoksi*

      Independence 15 August 1948

      National holiday Independence Day, 15 August (1948)

      Constitution 25 February 1988

      Legal system combines elements of continental European civil law systems, Anglo-Americanlaw, and Chinese classical thought

      Suffrage 20 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President KIM Yong-sam (since 25 February 1993)
      head of government : Prime Minister KO Kon (since 4 March 1997); Deputy Prime Ministers KANGKyong-sik (since 5 March 1997) and KWON O-ki (since 20 December 1995)
      cabinet: State Council appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a single five-year term; electionlast held 18 December 1992 (next to be held 18 December 1997); prime ministerappointed by the president; deputy prime ministers appointed by the presidenton the prime minister's recommendation
      election results: KIM Yong-sam elected president; percent of vote - KIM Yong-sam (DLP)41.9%, KIM Tae-chung (DP) 33.8%, CHONG Chu-yong (UPP) 16.3%, other 8%

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Kukhoe (299 seats; members elected bypopular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections : last held 11 April 1996 (next to be held NA 2000)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NKP 139, NCNP 79, ULD50, DP 15, independents 16; note - the distribution of seats as of December1996 was NKP 155, NCNP 78, ULD 47, DP 12, independents 7

      Judicial branch Supreme Court, justices are appointed by the president subject to theconsent of the National Assembly

      Political parties and leaders
      majority party : New Korea Party (NKP), KIM Yong-sam, president
      opposition: United Liberal Democratic Party (ULD), KIM Chong-pil, president; DemocraticParty (DP), YI Ki-taek, chairman; National Congress for New Politics (NCNP),KIM Tae-chung, president

      Political pressure groups and leaders Korean National Council of Churches; National Democratic Alliance ofKorea; National Federation of Student Associations; National Federation of Farmers' Associations; National Council of Labor Unions; Federation of KoreanTrade Unions; Korean Veterans' Association; Federation of Korean Industries;Korean Traders Association; Korean Confederation of Trade Unions

      International organization participation AfDB, APEC, AsDB, BIS (pending member), CCC, CP, EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, G-77,IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF,IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, OAS (observer),OECD, OSCE (partner), UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNAVEM III, UNCTAD,UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNU, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador PAK Kun-u
      chancery: 2450 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 939-5600
      consulate(s) general: Agana (Guam), Anchorage, Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Honolulu, Houston,Los Angeles, Miami, New York, San Francisco, and Seattle

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)
      embassy: 82 Sejong-Ro, Chongro-ku, Seoul
      mailing address: American Embassy, Unit 15550, APO AP 96205-0001
      telephone : [82] (2) 397-4114
      FAX: [82] (2) 738-8845
      consulate(s): Pusan

      Flag description white with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; thereis a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) ineach corner of the white field

      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, South on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, South Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, South Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)