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    Lebanon Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: Lebanese Republic
      conventional short form: Lebanon
      local long form : Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah
      local short form: Lubnan

      Data code LE

      Government type republic

      National capital Beirut

      Administrative divisions 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Biqa', Al Janub,Ash Shamal, Bayrut, Jabal Lubnan

      Independence 22 November 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)

      National holiday Independence Day, 22 November (1943)

      Constitution 23 May 1926, amended a number of times

      Legal system mixture of Ottoman law, canon law, Napoleonic code, and civil law; nojudicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 21 years of age; compulsory for all males; authorized for women at age21 with elementary education

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Ilyas HARAWI (since 24 November 1989)
      head of government : Prime Minister Rafiq al-HARIRI (since 22 October 1992)
      cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the membersof the National Assembly; the current Cabinet was formed in 1996
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a six-year term; electionlast held 24 November 1989 (next to be held NA 1998); note - in 1995, theNational Assembly amended the Constituition to extend the president's termby three years; prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by thepresident in consultation with the National Assembly; by custom, the presidentis a Maronite Christian, the prime minister is a Sunni Muslim, and the speakerof the legislature is a Shi'a Muslim
      election results: Ilyas HARAWI elected president; percent of National Assembly vote -NA

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Majlis Alnuwab (Arabic) or AssembleeNationale (French) (128 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basisof sectarian proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held in the summer of 1996 (next to be held NA 2000)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA (one-half Christianand one-half Muslim)

      Judicial branch four Courts of Cassation (three courts for civil and commercial casesand one court for criminal cases)

      Political parties and leaders political party activity is organized along largely sectarian lines;numerous political groupings exist, consisting of individual political figuresand followers motivated by religious, clan, and economic considerations

      International organization participation ABEDA, ACCT, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD,ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat,Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD,UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission : Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Victor EL-ZMETER
      chancery: 2560 28th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 939-6300
      FAX: [1] (202) 939-6324
      consulate(s) general: Detroit, New York, and Los Angeles

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission : Ambassador Richard Henry JONES
      embassy: Antelias, Beirut
      mailing address: P. O. Box 70-840, Beirut; PSC 815, Box 2, FPO AE 09836-0002
      telephone: [961] (1) 402200, 403300, 406650, 406651, 426183, 417774, 889926
      FAX : [961] (1) 407112

      Flag description three horizontal bands of red (top), white (double width), and red witha green and brown cedar tree centered in the white band

      NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lebanon Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)