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    Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

      Geographic coordinates 41 50 N, 22 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total : 25,333 sq km
      land: 24,856 sq km
      water: 477 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Vermont

      Land boundaries
      total: 748 km
      border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 228 km, Serbia and Montenegro221 km (all with Serbia)

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavysnowfall

      Terrain mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; there arethree large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Vardar River 50 m
      highest point: Korab 2,753 m

      Natural resources chromium, lead, zinc, manganese, tungsten, nickel, low-grade iron ore,asbestos, sulfur, timber

      Land use
      arable land: 24%
      permanent crops : 2%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 39%
      other: 10% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 830 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards high seismic risks

      Environment - current issues air pollution from metallurgical plants

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified : none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europeto Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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