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    Mongolia Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form : Mongolia
      local long form: none
      local short form : Mongol Uls
      former: Outer Mongolia

      Data code MG

      Government type republic

      National capital Ulaanbaatar

      Administrative divisions 18 provinces (aymguud, singular - aymag) and 3 municipalities* (hotuud,singular - hot); Arhangay, Bayanhongor, Bayan-Olgiy, Bulgan, Darhan*, Dornod,Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Dzavhan, Erdenet*, Govi-Altay, Hentiy, Hovd, Hovsgol,Omnogovi, Ovorhangay, Selenge, Suhbaatar, Tov, Ulaanbaatar*, Uvs

      Independence 13 March 1921 (from China)

      National holiday National Day, 11 July (1921)

      Constitution 12 February 1992

      Legal system blend of Russian, Chinese, and Turkish systems of law; no constitutionalprovision for judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsoryICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state : President Punsalmaagiyn OCHIRBAT (since 3 September 1990)
      head of government: Prime Minister Mendsaihan ENHSAIHAN (since 18 July 1996)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the State Great Hural
      elections: president nominated by parties in the State Great Hural and electedby popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 6 June 1993 (nextto be held 19 May 1997); following legislative elections, the leader of themajority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister bythe State Great Hural
      election results: Punsalmaagiyn OCHIRBAT (MNDP and MSDP) reelected president; percentof vote - Punsalmaagiyn OCHIRBAT 57.8%, Lodongiyn TUDEV (MPRP) NA%; MendsaihanENHSAIHAN elected prime minister; percent of State Great Hural vote - NA

      Legislative branch unicameral State Great Hural (76 seats; members elected by popular voteto serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 30 June 1996 (next to be held NA June 2000)
      election results: percent of vote by party - DUC 66%, MPRP 33%, MCP 1%; seats by party- DUC 50 (MNDP 34, MSDP 13, independents 3), MPRP 25, MCP 1

      Judicial branch Supreme Court, serves as appeals court for people's and provincial courts,but to date rarely overturns verdicts of lower courts, judges are nominatedby the General Council of Courts for approval by the Great Hural

      Political parties and leaders Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP), N. ENHBAYAR, generalsecretary; Democratic Union Coalition (DUC), Mendsaihan ENHSAIHAN, generalsecretary (includes Mongolian National Democratic Party or MNDP, M. ENHSAIHAN,chairman; Mongolian Social Democratic Party or MSDP, Radnaasumbereliyn GONCHIGDORJI,chairman; Green Party, leader NA; and Mongolian Democratic Party of Believersor MDPB, leader NA); Mongolian Conservative Party (MCP), leader NA; DemocraticPower Coalition, D. BYAMBASUREN, chairman (includes Mongolian Democratic RenaissanceParty or MDRP, BYAMBASUREN, chairman, and Mongolian People's Party or MPP,leader NA); Mongolian National Solidarity Party (MNSP), leader NA; Bourgeois Party/Capitalist Party, VARGALSAIHAN, chairman; United Heritage Party (UHP),B. JAMTSAI (includes United Party of Herdsman and Farmers, leader NA; IndependenceParty, leader NA; Traditional United Conservative Party, leader NA; and MongolianUnited Private Property Owners Party, leader NA); Workers' Party, leader NA

      International organization participation AsDB, CCC, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU,NAM (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Jalbuugiyn CHOINHOR
      chancery: 2833 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20007
      telephone: [1] (202) 333-7117
      FAX : [1] (202) 298-9227
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Llewellyn HEDGBETH
      embassy: inner north side of the Big Ring, just west of the Selbe Gol, Ulaanbaatar
      mailing address: c/o American Embassy Beijing, Micro Region 11, Big Ring Road; PSC 461,Box 300, FPO AP 96521-0002
      telephone : [976] (1) 329095, 329606
      FAX: [976] (1) 320776

      Flag description three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red, centeredon the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem ("soyombo" - acolumnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun,moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol)

      NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)